Tuesday, July 21, 2009

'ㅎ'의 약화

This post is about the 'weakening' of the 'ㅎ' sound. Below are 3 situations when 'ㅎ' sound is weakened and omitted.

'ㅎ' comes after vowels or consonant 'ㄴ', 'ㅁ', 'o' and 'ㄹ'

When 'ㅎ' comes after vowels or consonant 'ㄴ', 'ㅁ', 'o' and 'ㄹ', the 'ㅎ' sound is weakened and not pronounced.

지하절 (subway) - [지아절]
문화 (culture) - [무놔]
암호 (secret code) - [아모]
영화 (movie) - [영와]
팔호선 (line 8) - [파로선]

Batchim 'ㅎ', 'ㄶ' and 'ㅀ' meets vowel

When a vowel comes after the batchim 'ㅎ', 'ㄶ' and 'ㅀ', the 'ㅎ' sound is not pronounced.

쌓이다 - [싸이다]
많이 - [마니]
싫어 - [시러]

Batchim 'ㅀ' meets 'ㄴ'

When 'ㄴ' comes after batchim 'ㅀ', the 'ㅎ' sound is weakened and omitted while 'ㄴ' is lateralised (see lateralisation) to 'ㄹ'.

닳는 (worn out) - [달른]
뚫는 (punch, pierce or break through) - [뚤른]


  1. but in 지하철 'ㅎ' comes after 'ㅣ' and not 'ㄴ', 'ㅁ', 'o' or 'ㄹ'...

    original time stamp: 21 July 2009 16:24

  2. When 'ㅎ' comes after a vowel like '이', it is not pronounced. No?

    original time stamp: 25 July 2009 00:44

  3. ehhh i have no idea!! i always pronounce it as 지하철 though with a softer 'ㅎ' haha. but then i think when you actually say it out there's not much difference in this case ㅋ

    original time stamp: 29 July 2009 07:37

  4. it doesn't really matter now. you can just call it mrt ㅋㅋ

    original time stamp: 29 July 2009 23:10

  5. I love the pronunciation guides, though I may have difficulty remembering.

    Did you learnt them all in your classes or on your own? During my basics years back, it was not covered in class or textbook. I had to search the web for info.